Excavations.Rich, who had first visited Mossul in 1811, examined the mounds opposite in 1820 and concluded that they represented the site of Nineveh. This form of the name is doubtless connected with the Aramaic god Hadad. Early Period2. Kelach. It was similar in some respects to that of Osiris in Egypt, but was not so beautiful or so humane.13. - There is in this hymn no suggestion of magic or sorcery. Sennacherib (704-681 B.C.) Similarly, He promises us that the enemies of His people will not finally win but that we will reign with the Lord over all (2 Tim. 1783, 1784. In the year 740 B.C.E., Assyria conquered Samaria, the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel, and took its people into exile. I reproduce his list as the best yet made, but keep in mind that some of the readings are doubtful and some were certainly otherwise read by the Babylonians or Sumerians, though we do not now know how they ought to be read. Later still, the scribes explained his name as a corruption of that of the primeval cosmogonic deity An-sar, the upper firmament, which in the neo-Babylonian age was pronounced Assor. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 15:29In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglath Pileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel Beth Maacah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria. Nineveh was utterly destroyed, never again to be inhabited, and northern Babylonia passed into the hands of Nabopolassar, the viceroy of Babylon, who had joined the northern invaders. Meaning, most Christians believe that the Bible is true, and therefore they regard what Scripture says about history to be historically true. His wife is called Ningal, the Great Lady, the Queen, and his name probably appears in Mt. The lists of limmi or "Eponyms" which have come down to us form the basis of Assyrian chronology. Its capital city was Nineveh, located in the same area as northern Iraq. Chalach -- an area under Assyr. Diynay -- judges... Dinaite (Aramaic) partial from uncertain primitive; a Dinaite or inhabitant of some unknown Assyria province -- Dinaite. Life manifests itself to us as motion; everything which moves has life. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Chronicles 28:16At that time did king Ahaz send to the kings of Assyria to help him. MECHANICSVIII. ), Ur-du-zi, Kadi, Nu-ku-sir-da, Ma-ma, Za-ma-ma, Za-za-ru, Impa-ud-du, Ur-e-nun-ta-ud-du-a, Khi-gir-nunna, Khi-shagga, Gur-mu, Zar-mu, Dagan, Damu, Lama, Nesu, Nun-gal, An-makh, Nin-si-na, Nin-asu. Asshur, Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. Everyone, wherever he may be, is in thy care. Halah- 2 Kings 17:6,) Apollonias, and Sittacne. Cedar wood was brought from Mount Amanus, and there was already trade, through Syria, with the Mediterranean. The early history of Assyria is involved in obscurity. As the lord of wisdom he filled a great role in exorcisms down to the very last, and was believed to be the god who was most ready to respond to human need in direful circumstances. This incapacity to reach monotheism may have been partially due to the influence of the local city whose tendency was always to hold tightly to the honor of the local god. He claims to have reduced to subjection the whole of Syria, including Phoenicia, Edom and Philistia, and to have taken Mari'a, king of Damascus, prisoner in his capital city. The king of Assyria appointed to Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. For this view no certain proof has yet been produced.10. He also deprived the heavy-armed bowmen of the long robes they used to wear, and established a body of pioneers with double-headed axes, helmets and buskins. "'(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 36:16Don't listen to Hezekiah, for thus says the king of Assyria,'Make your peace with me, and come out to me; and each of you eat from his vine, and each one from his fig tree, and each one of you drink the waters of his own cistern;(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 36:18Beware lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, "Yahweh will deliver us." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 37:8So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah, for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish. The Bible mentions the nation of Assyria itself first in Genesis, where it says Nimrod went to the land of Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah and Resen . His chief city of worship was Eridu, which in the earliest period was situated on the Persian Gulf, near the mouths of the Euphrates and the Tigris. Nergal, the city god of Kutu (Old Testament Guthah)10. Thebes-"No-amon" (Nahum 3:8)-was destroyed, its booty carried away and two obelisks transported to Nineveh as trophies of victory. '"(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 23:29In his days Pharaoh Necoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and Pharaoh Necoh killed him at Megiddo, when he had seen him. Last Period and Fall of EmpireLITERATUREAssyria, a Greek name formed from Asshur ('ashshur; 'Assour; Assyrian Assur): The primitive capital of the country.I. Government and Army.Assyria was a military kingdom which, like the Northern Kingdom of Israel, had established itself by a successful revolt from Babylonia. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 19:11Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly. An immense mass of incantations, supposed to have the power of driving the demons out, has come down to us. Furniture, Pottery and Embroidery.The furniture even of the palace was scanty, consisting mainly of couches, chairs, stools, tables, rugs and curtains. control... control NASB Word Usage Halah (3). "(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 37:11Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly. Chalach. If in any case the result was not secured, it could only be ascribed to the use of the wrong formula; hence there grew up a great desire to preserve exactly the words which in some cases had brought healing. In the late Babylonian period the worship seems chiefly devoted to Marduk, Nabu, Sin, Shamash and Ishtar. The Babylonians who built vast temples and composed many inscriptions emphasizing the works of peace rather than of war, naturally conceived their deities in a manner different from the Assyrians whose powers were chiefly devoted to conquests in war, but neither the Babylonians nor the Assyrians arose to any such heights as distinguish the Hebrew book of Psalms. Then came the turn of northern Arabia, where the rebel sheikhs were compelled to submit. Assur-nazir-pal was succeeded by his son Shalmaneser II (859-825 B.C. Anu3. \"Erishum, the … Of the early history of the kingdom of Assyria little is positively known. "What Kings Reigned in Assyria and Sicyon When, According to the Promise, Isaac Was Born to Abraham in His Hundredth Year, and When the Twins Esau ... /.../augustine/city of god/chapter 3 what kings reigned in.htm, History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8 History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8. Assyrian (18 Occurrences)... 2 Kings 19:35 It happened that night, that the angel of Yahweh went out, and struck one hundred eighty-five thousand in the camp of the Assyrians… Discover 10 things to know about the Assyrian history, culture, and faith. Some years after this the Assyrian king marched an army against Hazael, king of Damascus. She seems rather to have been a goddess of fruitfulness and of love, and in her temple at Uruk temple-prostitution was a feature. "(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 8:7now therefore, behold, the Lord brings upon them the mighty flood waters of the River: the king of Assyria and all his glory. Tiglath-pileser was solemnly crowned at Babylon and the following year he died. Kelach -- a city in Assyr.... NASB Word Usage Calah (2). "(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 17:27Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, "Carry there one of the priests whom you brought from there; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the law of the god of the land. To him the Babylonians also ascribe similar powers in war to those which the Egyptians accorded to Re. The word seems originally to have meant life. As in Babylonia, land and houses were leased knd sold, money was lent at interest, and the leading firms employed numerous damgari or commercial agents. EXCAVATIONSXIII. It can hardly be called life. A personal god, righteous and holy, who loved righteousness. The Assyrians were a fierce and cruel nation who showed little mercy to those they conquered (2 Kings 19:17). In stature the Assyrians were of average modern European height, and were powerfully built. I will defend this city for my own sake, and for my servant David's sake. This time the Assyrian punishment was merciless. All that moves possesses life, the motionless is lifeless or dead.Besides this belief in animism, the early Sumerians seem to have believed in ghosts that were related to the world of the dead as the zi was related to the world of the living. Climate and Productions. the Assyrian king was Tiglath-pileser I, whose successful wars extended the Assyrian empire as far westward as Cappadocia. The weak, the exhausted, the oppressed, the lowly, Mother, wife, maid appeal to thee. "-was asked and an attempt made to answer it. 5613c, 5614. 586) how completely Assyria was overthrown. Assyria ancient and proper lay east of the Tigris, between Armenia, Susiana, and Media, and appears to have comprehended the six provinces attributed to it by Ptolemy, namely, Arrapachis, Adiabene, Arbelis, (now Erbil,) Calachene, (Heb. One of the ancient kingdoms of Mesopotamia. In other words, we don't have to intentionally choose ignorance in order to believe that the people, places, and events recorded in the Bible are true. How far the whole male population was liable to conscription is still uncertain; but the fact that the wars of Assur-bani-pal so exhausted the fighting strength of the nation as to render it unable to resist the invaders from the North shows that the majority of the males must have been soldiers. Chabor. Geography.The origin of the city (now Kala'at Shergat), which was built on the western bank of the Tigris between the Upper and Lower Zab, went back to pre-Sem times, and the meaning of the name was forgotten (see Genesis 2:14, where the Hiddekel or Tigris is said to flow on the eastern side of Asshur). Nergal:Nergal, the city-god of Kutu (in the Old Testament Cuthah), was the god of the underworld and his wife Eresh-kigal was the sovereign lady of the under-world. In one of his campaigns he made his way to the Mediterranean, and received presents from the king of Egypt, which included a crocodile. His chief seat of worship was Uruk, but in the Assyrian period he was associated with the god Adad in a temple in the city of Asshur. His seats of worship were Larsa in southern Babylonia and Sippar in northern Babylonia in both of which his temple was called E-bab-bar, "shining house." 3626 . Around 14 years later, the Babylonian army destroyed Nineveh and effectively ended the Assyrian Empire. Sephared -- the location of some exiles, History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV), (Root in WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), What is the significance of Assyria in the Bible? Horses were imported from Cappadocia; ducks were kept, and mastiffs were employed in hunting.IV. The greatest number of those that have come down to us are dedicated to Shamash, the Sun-god, but many of the finest, as we have already seen, were composed in honor of Sin, the Moon-god. The progress of Assyrian research is continually providing corrected readings for words hitherto known to us only in ideograms. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 36:15Don't let Hezekiah make you trust in Yahweh, saying, "Yahweh will surely deliver us. Digging up Bible stories! The infantry were about ten times as numerous as the calvary, and under Sargon were divided into bowmen and spearmen, the bowmen again being subdivided into heavy-armed and light-armed, the latter being apparently of foreign origin. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 16:18The covered way for the Sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king's entry outside, turned he to the house of Yahweh, because of the king of Assyria. Religion.The state religion of Assyria was derived from BABYLONIA (which see) and in its main outlines is Babylonian. Asshur, Assur, Assyria, Assyrians ... /hebrew/804.htm - 5k, 3625. control, 5614. In course of time, however, differences grew up between the spoken language and the language of literature, which had incorporated many Summerian words, and retained grammatical terminations that the vernacular had lost, though these differences were never very great. Some of the names of their gods and images of these they very probably brought with them, but the important thing, it must always be remembered, about the gods is not the names but the attributes which were ascribed to them, and these must have been completely changed during the long history which follows their first contact with the Sumerians. Ishtar:The origin and the meaning of the name of the goddess Ishtar are still disputed, but of her rank there can be no doubt. By Craig C. White. He is a former editor for Christianity Today and LifeWay Christian Resources. In character the Assyrians were cruel and ferocious in war, keen traders, stern disciplinarians, and where religion was concerned, intense and intolerant. (a.) was the next king, whose mother was Sammu-ramat (Semiramis). /hebrew/2249.htm - 6k, 1784. The cult of Tammuz survived the decay of Babylonian and Assyrian civilization and made its way into the western world. 738, in the reign of Menahem, king of Israel, Pul invaded Israel, and imposed on it a heavy tribute (2 Kings 15:19). He shares with Ishtar and Shamash the honor of having some of the finest hymns, which have come down to us, sung to his name.8. His worship is associated with that of Ishtar whose paramour he was, and the beautiful story of the descent of Ishtar to Hades was written to describe Ishtar's pursuit of him to the depths of the under-world seeking to bring him up again. During the whole of Assyrian history his chief role is as the god of war, but the speculative philosophers of Assyria absorbed into him many of the characteristics of Ellil and Marduk, going even so far as to ascribe to him the chief place in the conflict with the sea monster Tiamat in the creation epoch.V. Chalach -- an area under Assyr. 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Magic or sorcery Assyria appointed to Hezekiah king of Assyria is the co-author of `` Bible Stories may. 2 Kings 17:5 ), but they were rarely decorated of northern Syria child... Loved righteousness who attached great importance to specific words or sets of words record the. Next king, PSBA, December, 1909 ) planet Mercury.9 Assur was not only supreme over the years Tiglath-pileser.