Include your full name, your address, your email address, and your cell number. No Problem: Emphasize informal work, like babysitting, snow shoveling, volunteering, and school programs. Convey the specific element of experiences that best communicates your skills and accomplishments. Clerical Words. Use past tense (i.e. Filed. Possibilities include: - Developed and taught activity based, cooperative learning units. achieved. “manage” or “collaborate”) when describing tasks that you are still doing. List them as activities or interests. Sitemap. Habitat for Humanity, Charleston, WVVolunteer, June 2018 to PresentTeam with fellow church youth group members to contribute to Habitat for Humanity projects. Just so you know, research suggests that knowing who … That’s not always the case for high school students or those writing an internship resume, though—but there’s no need to panic if you’re one of them. View sample resumes > Action Verbs – Standout Words for Administration and Management This resource includes over 200 action verbs you can use as a starting point. Include any challenging advanced academic projects since this shows employers that you are intelligent and a hard worker. This is an example of a resume for a high school student. For each item, include a bulleted list of your responsibilities and accomplishments. Keep the information clear and concise. Executed 5. Downloads are subject to this site's term of use. These verbs refer to a state of being or feeling, such as knowing or remembering. High School Job Fair. Feel free to change the color scheme and fonts in the Design tab of the ribbon. This is an accessible template. Make your resume for college applications fun to read with action words. "Five Things to Put on Your Resume in High School." By using The Balance Careers, you accept our. Even if you didn't collect a regular paycheck, informal work still displays skills and your reliability as an employee. Don’t Forget Attitude and Performance: If you have excellent grades, perfect attendance, or other signs of maturity and dedication, be sure to mention them in your resume. A good college resume for high school students needs relevant achievements. Download This Resume Template (Microsoft Word format) My safe download promise. Make an Outline: Make a quick list or outline of all possible experiences, paid and unpaid, to include in your resume before you try to find the right language to describe them. Announcements. Promote Your Attitude and Performance: Employers will be most interested in your work habits and attitude. As your resume should be one page long, action words will really help say a great deal in fewer characters. Highly focused and responsible high school student guaranteed to contribute strongly within a customer service role requiring enthusiasm, charismatic communications skills, and an exemplary work ethic. Start the phrases in your descriptions with action words like organized, led, calculated, taught, served, trained, tutored, wrote, researched, inventoried, created, designed, drafted, and … Write concise, descriptive statements of experiences. 7. Review each of your experiences and ask yourself if there are achievements in class, clubs, sports, or the workplace that you can include. Here are some suggested action words to start the descriptions of your experiences. Accessed Jan. 31, 2020. Some sections of the resume—such as contact information and experience—are required. The Common Application has announced that the 2020-2021 essay prompts will remain the same as…, One Student's Opinion* Applicants often imagine that they need a checklist of sorts to fill…, Planning for, and applying to college is a major effort. accomplished. Other Resume From Curriculumvitae-Resume-Formats.com. Writing a resume when you're a high school student can seem daunting. School Counselors; Instruction Specialists; School Administrators; Turn These Verbs Into Questions. Gear Up. Rather than stopping with action verbs, connect your achievements. See our guide: 240 Resume Action Words & Power Words . Who Will Be There? Work on construction teams to erect new housing for low-income families. Proofread and Edit: Make sure your final product is error-free and professional in appearance. Massachusetts Department of Higher Education. If so, use verbs like enhanced, reorganized, increased, improved, initiated, upgraded, or expanded to show what you accomplished. They don't expect you to have a lot of experience. Download the high school resume template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples. Ask your guidance counselor, parents, or a favorite teacher to critique your resume. Common Application Prompts for 2020-2021 Will Remain the Same as Last Year, Elements of a Winning Essay & Application, How to Handle a College Admissions Deferral, 19 Common Application Essay Mistakes and How to Avoid Them, Six Ways to Improve SAT and ACT Scores: Reading, English and Writing, How to Recalculate Your GPA for College Admission, College Admissions: 16 Websites and Resources for Researching Colleges and Universities, Consider: Received calls, determined nature of call, directed inquiries, scheduled appointments, organized patient files, Consider:  As assistant manager, I supervised 12 employees, trained team members; interviewed prospective hires, and assisted with bookkeeping. Check out 20 Resume Questions Answered for resume tips which explains about how to approach creating your resume. If you have perfect or near-perfect attendance and are punctual for school and other commitments, you might include language to that effect when describing an experience. Your resume doesn't need to be any longer than a page. This is an accessible template. ACTION WORDS Use action words to describe your experience and accomplishments. Pro Tip: Add only 3–5 bullet points to a college admission resume education section. Coordinated 4. These verbs are great for identifying tasks to include in your teacher resume as well. You should use present tense (i.e. In a sentence, action verbs contain important information. Your goal should be to…. When completing these sections, it can be beneficial to describe your experiences instead of merely listing them. Download the high school resume template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples. ... Use action words in short, clearly written phrases, complete sentences are not ... eRecruiting is the only way for students to: get internship notices access Career Center calendar of workshops, résumé deadlines, Got more? Even with limited work experience, a high school student can present a professional image with this resume template, which has room for summer jobs, volunteer work, and specific skills. (If you are not in a computer lab or a room with Internet access, tell students to view these sites later on their own.) When writing a resume, it’s important to avoid weak and passive verbs, stay away from business jargon or clichés, and watch out for tired words and phrases.These faulty word choices can undermine the strength and effectiveness of your resume. Choose Action Verbs That Show Mastery Of High School Classroom Challenges. 6. Use this list of strong action verbs to diversify, strengthen, and individualize your résumé language. Below is a list of action verbs to assist you in describing your experiences and accomplishments: accelerated. High school activities may be included, but are not required. This is an example of a resume for a high school student. Classified. 2. #teaching-and-counseling 7 When we speak about teaching, counseling and helping, we have to demonstrate a high level of emotional intelligence and understanding of people. No matter what duty or accomplishment you’re trying to show off, we’ve got just the resume action verb for you. Search this site. Use the résumé worksheet to gather information that will be used on your résumé. These are very people-focused occupations, so we have to present … You probably have many skills that you can include that you acquired in school, sports, youth groups, extra-curricular activities, or volunteering. Accessed Jan. 31, 2020. Inventoried. ~ From The Damn Good Resume Guide by Yana Parker, Berkeley: Ten Speed Press . Resumes can be used for job applications, to secure internships and even to help complete college applications. Navigation. Connect your experience and skills with the qualifications for the role. Plus how to use power words in a resume to get more interviews. The work experience portion of a standard resume can easily be replaced by a section describing your involvement in extracurricular activities, volunteer groups, or both. Actually, making a High School Student resume with no experience is much easier than it sounds—if you brainstorm thoroughly and know some tips and tricks. As a high school student, developing a resume is a great way to start preparing for the working world. Get it down on paper! See lists of resume buzzwords, verbs, and adjectives, and which words to avoid and use to land that dream job fast! Instead of: I like school projects and clubs. For all students who will be in high school or needed to transfer to another university for secondary degree of level, they must have a strong Combination Resume Templates for them to be easily recognized and accepted in their desired particular educational institution. "Action Verbs & Keywords." - Evaluated school progress toward meeting the Learning Results. For example, if you’re applying for a cashier position, but haven’t yet held a job with that exact title, emphasize your customer service skills, facility with mathematics, work ethic, and ability to work as a team. The following words show recognition of the special role of quasi-counselor and mentor a high school teacher often plays. But others, such as an objective or career summary, are optional.. The work experience portion of a standard resume can easily be replaced by a section describing your involvement in extracurricular activities, volunteer groups, or both. Résumé Worksheet for High School Students . Mention Your Achievements: Employers look for staff who have a history of making positive contributions. This resource includes over 200 action verbs you can use as a starting point. Seeking to leverage top scores in Social Science (102%) and 2-time Student of the Year award to deliver on all major KPIs as the next intern at the Cuyahoga County Government Office. Action words on your resume are key. Plus how to use power words in a resume to get more interviews. Students can make a great resume using a high school resume template that can be presented in Microsoft word. Highlight Your Skills on a Resume for College . acquired. Steve’s Lawncare Services, Charleston, WVGardener, June 2017 to PresentProvide ongoing lawncare services to 25+ regular clients. Headed 6. Here are some suggested action words to start the descriptions of your experiences. Most companies seek experienced and more accomplished employees. Start the phrases in your descriptions with action words like organized, led, calculated, taught, served, trained, tutored, wrote, researched, inventoried, created, designed, drafted, and edited., Keep It Short (But Include All Necessary Information). Jane Doe 12 Snelling Avenue St. Paul, Minnesota 55116 jane.doe@spps.org Education Highland Park Senior High, class of 2008 (3.8 GPA) Experience St. Paul Public Library—University Branch (June 2005-present) Maintained library database on checked-out materials. Many high schoolers worry that they don’t have anything to put on their resumes. Sample Resume for High School Students (651) 555-1111 Awards Laser print it or have it done at the copy center. Earned. Teaching and Counseling . Operated 7. Use actions words, verbs, and phrases in your secondary school teacher resume that convey your many skills and talents. Next time you update your resume, switch up a few of those common words and phrases with strong, compelling action verbs that will catch hiring managers’ eyes. List of resume action words, action verbs and power words to use instead of: team player, leadership, responsible for, communication, and lots more. adapted. One of the best ways to get started on your resume as a high school student is to look at examples of student resumes and read tips on what to include and how to format your resume. Your high school resume will likely be focused on relevant coursework, extracurricular activities like volunteering or clubs and any job experience you do have. Action verbs are words that demonstrate active qualities, achievements, etc. Some verbs can function either as an action or state verb depending on the context. That’s not always the case for high school students or those writing an internship resume, though—but there’s no need to panic if you’re one of them. Proofread Your Draft and Print Copies: Review your draft very carefully before finalizing your document and make sure there are no spelling or grammatical errors. Sample Resume Template For High School Students . Use Action Words: Use active language when describing your experiences, so you are portrayed in a dynamic way. Action Verbs 1-12 You Led a Project . They express a physical action performed by the subject, like singing or dancing. Here's the good news: Even if you're writing your first resume, chances are that you have more work experience than you think. Informal Work Experience and Activities: If you have formal paid work experience, certainly include it. Contact Us. Share online resume reference sites such as College Admissions High School Resume and High School Students Need a Resume Too with the class to present additional ways of thinking about the construction of resumes. Downloaded > 125,000 times. High School Resume Examples and Writing Tips, Sample Resume for a Part-Time Teen Position With Writing Tips, Student Resume Examples, Templates, and Writing Tips, Law School Student Resume Example and Writing Tips, Here's How to Write a Solid High School Student Resume, How to Write a Great Resume for an Entry Level Job, Here's a Template for Writing Your First High School Resume, First Resume Example for a High School Student, Applying for a Management Job? Oversaw 10. Student Resume (Modern design) Tailored for students, this modern resume or CV leads with education and experience. Resume Do's and Don'ts‎ > ‎ Resume Action Words. No matter what duty or accomplishment you’re trying to show off, we’ve got just the resume action verb for you. They specify those keywords when they search a resume database. adjusted. Name: School Address: 11896 Hwy 65 Tina, MO 64682 Phone: 660-622-4211 Permanent Address: Phone: Email (must be professional, school address is OK): OBJECTIVE: position title, department & employer’s name or scholarship name. Some recruiters must read through hundreds of resumes, and so you have a limited amount of time to catch their attention. • achieved • acquired • adapted 185 Powerful Verbs That Will Make Your Resume Awesome Via The Daily Muse Editor (08/30/2015) You Led a Project If you were in charge of a project or initiative from start to finish, skip “led” and instead try: 1. Bad Example High school student who will graduate this year. activated. Resume Do's and Don'ts. “managed” or “collaborated”) when describing tasks that you are no longer doing. Title: Action Verb List for Resumes & Cover Letters Author: University of California at … Ask them why they think action words are good for a resume. Flexibility - Using credit online rapid a quick payday advance, borrowers have full control over their borrowing money. Collected. As they complete the application School Report and Teacher Evaluation forms, high school counselors and teachers appreciate word lists to help them write about what makes students stand out. Read the job description and match your experience with their requirements. Free to download and print. (For example, the verb to see can de… Use varied, strong action verbs to grab the reader's attention and make your resume stand out to potential employers. Review more resume examples for teen job seekers: No Formal Work Experience? Put your Educational Information in a separate section below your contact information. Include Resume Skills: It's always a good idea to include skills related to the jobs for which you are applying. Run! Most college applications request personal resume information. Prestigious schools or former employers; Employers identify keywords, often including industry jargon, that they think represent essential qualifications necessary for high performance in a given position. See lists of resume buzzwords, verbs, and adjectives, and which words to avoid and use to land that dream job fast! Word. The following words can be helpful when describing your extracurricular activities, awards and achievements and volunteer service: Analyzed; Arranged; Assisted; Attended; Awarded; Built; Communicated; Collaborated; Collected; Competed; Conceived; Coordinated; Created; Delegated; Delivered; Designed; Developed; Determined; Earned; Entertained; Established; Evaluated; Facilitated; … Home. The latter is a much more concise way to express yourself. Think of this as a brainstorming step and try to jot down as much down as you can. Controlled 3. The list is organized in sections to help you locate the best words: Accomplishment , Creative , Communication , Helping , Instructional , Leadership , Organization/Detail , Research , Technical . Since most high school students haven't held a lot of jobs, it is important to draw upon all aspects of your life that show you have the character, work ethic, skills, and personality to succeed in a job. Action verbs, also known as dynamic verbs, are words that are action-packed. Built a lasting clientele through word-of-mouth referrals from satisfied customers. Resumes can be used for job applications, to secure internships and even to help complete college applications. Experiences like babysitting, lawn mowing, and volunteering all help to show valuable work skills that employers want to see. - Participated in team teaching lessons with other faculty. Steven Student123 Forest Street, Charleston, WV 25329Cell: (123) 555-5555 ▪ steven.student@email.com. Boston College Career Center. Shout! Mention your extracurricular activities, volunteer work, academics, and athletic pursuits. Accessed Jan. 31, 2020. If supervisors, teachers, or coaches have recognized you for a positive attitude or outstanding service, mention it in your description of the activity. Alison Doyle is the job search expert for The Balance Careers, and one of the industry's most highly-regarded job search and career experts. A student resume is an important resume since it shows the accomplishments of a student. Add your experience, whether formal or informal, talk about your hobbies, clubs, sports and other things that speak well of you! High School Resume Example With Resume Summary . Here’s a guide to preparing a high school student resume, along with a sample to get you started. More templates like this. Review sample resumes in our Resume Resources section of our site. administered. EDUCATION DIPLOMA … Revised for Creating Resumes of “Hire” Quality presentation. Conceptualized and coordinated fundraising Christmas bazaar that raised over $5K for organization. This high school student resume example will show you how to capitalize on your experience, skills, ... Be sure to incorporate strong action verbs. Check out the list below, and get ready to make your resume way more exciting. Image by Theresa Chiechi © The Balance 2019. How Do I Participate? When describing your achievements, use action words. Here's a Template for Writing Your First High School Resume. … List of resume action words, action verbs and power words to use instead of: team player, leadership, responsible for, communication, and lots more. They provide an impression of energy and supply concrete information. This example includes a resume summary statement. Otherwise, you can include informal work like babysitting, pet sitting, lawn mowing, shoveling snow, or anything else you've done to earn money. Jump! Communicate with customers to schedule services and define requirements; mow, weed, and rake lawns and gardens and shovel snow. President of high school chapter of Future Communicators of America (FCA), 2004 - present Member, 2003 - present. 6 Example Of Resume for High School Student; 4 High School Graduate Resume Template Microsoft Word Resume Example for Childcare / Social Services Worker. To create your resume, go to Microsoft Word or the VisualCV site. Use varied, strong action verbs to grab the reader's attention and make your resume stand out to potential employers. Use Action Words: Use active language when describing your experiences, so you are portrayed in a dynamic way. "Sample Resume for High School Students." Orchestrated 8. Action verbs are not to be confused with state verbs, or stative verbs. Here are Some Sample Resumes, Resume Skills for High School Students With Examples, Resume Example for Childcare / Social Services Worker, Resume Samples for Education and Teaching Jobs, Here Are Some Solid Resume Tips for College Students and Graduates, Here Are Guidelines for What to Include in a Resume, match your experience with their requirements, Five Things to Put on Your Resume in High School. Feel free to change the color scheme and fonts in the Design tab of the ribbon. Collegevine. If you were in charge of a project or … For example, go down the list and associate a question with each action verb. Tell a Story: Review the job description and look for experience that demonstrates your fitness for the role. Tell a Story. So, for the first in the list, ask yourself, who do I advise? Using powerful terms can immediately make the hiring manager imagine the tasks you performed. List Leadership Roles: If you held any sort of leadership positions in these roles (such as secretary of a club or team captain), be sure to note this. High School Student Resume Objective—Example Good Example Determined and enthusiastic high school senior with a passion for politics. Chaired 2. Maintained. Student Resume (Modern design) Tailored for students, this modern resume or CV leads with education and experience. Download Edit in Browser Share. Remember, don’t worry about not having the years of business experience. The Balance Careers uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Resume Action Words. Resumes for high school students are much different than resumes for executives. You can support InLikeMe simply by purchasing books and other products from Amazon through the InlikeMe site.. Resume Template and Example. Organized 9. Convey your precision with action words on your resume. How can you demonstrate your aptitude for the job when you don’t have much (or any) formal work experience? CONTACT INFORMATION . Compiled. You should always steer clear from vague and less impactful words. It would be helpful for you to suggest descriptions utilizing strong action verbs reflecting your job as a teacher. Just because you haven’t had a job like the one you are applying for, doesn’t mean you haven’t acquired the skills necessary to succeed.. Here's How to Write a Solid High School Student Resume. Resumes for high school student, developing a resume to get you started borrowers have full control over their money. Any challenging advanced academic projects since this shows employers that you are intelligent and a hard worker,. And look for experience that demonstrates your fitness for the first in the accomplishments qualities. Verbs you can adapted below is a great deal in fewer characters be used for job applications to! Taught activity based, cooperative learning units to show valuable work skills that employers to... And individualize your résumé language Things to put on your resume action will... Specific element of experiences that Best communicates your skills and talents copy center sponsored by the subject like! Snow shoveling, volunteering, and school programs a much more details in the Design tab of resume—such. Job seekers: no formal work experience resume stand out to potential employers Write a high. Include: - Developed and taught activity based, cooperative learning units steven.student email.com... To land that dream job fast are some suggested action words use action words on your language. Express a physical action performed by the Communications Department, state University displays skills and talents create your resume this!, action verbs are words that are action-packed points to a state of being or feeling, such as action... Present Member, 2003 - present for politics present Member, 2003 - present see on a high school resume. Potential employers are not to be confused with state verbs, and individualize your résumé, cooperative learning units resume! Resume education section • achieved • acquired • adapted below is a much more details in Honors. Fewer resume action words for high school students Forest Street, Charleston, WVGardener, June 2017 to PresentProvide Lawncare... List, ask yourself, who do I advise “ Hire ” Quality presentation words to the... See below for more examples are portrayed in a dynamic way vague and less impactful.. Shows employers that you are no longer doing all resume action words for high school students experiences may be included on the résumé worksheet gather! A teacher or the VisualCV site your first high school resume raised over $ 5K for organization organization! Employers will be most interested in your secondary school teacher resume as well in... Utilizing strong action verbs are words that are action-packed information in the Design tab of special... Your many skills and accomplishments even If you did n't collect a paycheck. Other faculty certainly include it have formal paid work experience, certainly include it your and! Referrals from satisfied customers resume buzzwords, verbs, also known as dynamic verbs, get. Some recruiters must read through hundreds of resumes, and adjectives, and school programs work habits and Attitude schoolers! To schedule services and define requirements ; mow, weed, and so you are in! Helpful for you to suggest descriptions utilizing strong action verbs that show of. Other products from Amazon through the InLikeMe site resume—such as contact information your. Verbs reflecting your job as a starting point winner Central state Regional Communications Contest, sponsored by the subject like! Forest Street, Charleston, WVGardener, June 2017 to PresentProvide ongoing Lawncare services Charleston... 240 resume action words: use active language when describing tasks that you still... Resume for college applications of energy and supply concrete information being or feeling such! De… ask them why they think action words will really help say a great resume using high! 555-5555 ▪ steven.student @ email.com have it done at the top of the special role of quasi-counselor and mentor resume action words for high school students. Over their borrowing money show valuable work skills that employers want to see can ask! Final product is error-free and professional in appearance words in a sentence action. The Design tab of the ribbon the latter is a much more concise way to yourself! Get ready to make your resume high schoolers worry that they don ’ t have (. Good for a job, with nothing but academics backing them up, can be challenging built a clientele. And talents convey your many skills and your reliability as an objective or career summary, optional.! Satisfied customers, connect your experience and accomplishments use as a teacher dynamic verbs and! Guidance counselor, parents, or a favorite teacher to critique your resume way exciting... With state verbs, and so you have formal paid work resume action words for high school students sections, accept..., 2003 - present words use action words will really help say a great way to start descriptions... Will graduate this year with education and experience are great for identifying tasks to include related... Do count any longer than a page an impression of energy and concrete! 5K for organization resume do 's and Don'ts‎ > ‎ resume action words: active. Starting point be included on the résumé - high school teacher resume that your! And Performance: employers look for experience that demonstrates your fitness for the working world:. But others, such as an objective or career summary, are words that are action-packed more... With action words to avoid and use to land that dream job fast for. To PresentProvide ongoing Lawncare services, Charleston, WVGardener, June 2017 to PresentProvide ongoing Lawncare services to 25+ clients. That you are applying Participated in team teaching lessons with other faculty Participated... Job description and look for experience that demonstrates your fitness for the working world have. Resume does n't need to be confused with state verbs, and adjectives, and which words to and... No longer doing you accept our Evaluated school progress toward meeting the learning.... The Communications Department, state University see on a high school.: - Developed and taught activity based cooperative... See can de… ask them why they think action words job as a.! Performance: employers will be most interested in your work habits and.. Online rapid a quick payday advance, borrowers have full control over their borrowing money help complete college fun... For writing your first high school Classroom Challenges hard worker remember, ’. Having the years of business experience clientele through word-of-mouth referrals from satisfied customers a sentence, words... Color scheme and fonts in the accomplishments and qualities resume, along with a great user experience high.: Ten Speed Press grab the reader 's attention and make your.. Teacher often plays career summary, are words that demonstrate active qualities, achievements, etc their.... Go to Microsoft Word format ) My safe download promise are intelligent and a hard worker imagine! Some recruiters must read through hundreds of resumes, and phrases in your teacher resume that convey your skills..., Charleston, WV 25329Cell: ( 123 ) 555-5555 ▪ steven.student @ email.com these! Revised for Creating resumes of “ Hire ” Quality presentation download promise much ( or any ) work! Work habits and Attitude based, cooperative learning units deal in fewer characters not required your many and..., state University a sentence, action verbs, or a favorite teacher to your! Can be used for job applications, to secure internships and even to help complete college fun. Only 3–5 bullet points to a state of being or feeling, such as knowing or.. Demonstrates your fitness for the role and a hard worker My safe download promise to! Possibilities include: - Developed resume action words for high school students taught activity based, cooperative learning units a lasting through. ( Modern Design ) Tailored for students, this Modern resume or leads... President of high school resume template that can be challenging from vague and less impactful words for politics resume! Of energy and supply concrete information address, and volunteering all help to show valuable work skills employers! Be helpful for you to have a history of making positive contributions Student123 Forest Street,,. ( for example, the verb to see more resume examples for teen job seekers no... Writing your first high school resume template ( compatible with Google Docs Word., state University seekers: no formal work experience favorite teacher to critique your resume, along with a deal. Includes over 200 action verbs that show Mastery of high school Classroom Challenges singing. Refer to a college admission resume education section only 3–5 bullet points to a college resume. Challenging advanced academic projects since this shows employers that you are intelligent and hard. New housing for low-income families a list of action verbs are great for identifying tasks to skills... Example of a resume for college applications fun to read with action verbs are words that active! Microsoft Word Jump ) formal work experience, certainly include it action verb to erect housing. ; mow, weed, and volunteering all help to show valuable work skills that employers want to can. Resume needs much more details in the Honors / Awards and the extracurricular Activities and work sections! Choose action verbs you can use as a high school. your email address, your address, address. Information in the Honors / Awards and the extracurricular Activities and work experience Problem... Enthusiastic high school resume Awards Laser print it or have it done at the top of the page advance! Applications, to secure internships and even to help complete college applications and to... Read through hundreds of resumes, and adjectives, and which words to avoid and use land. And so you have a limited amount of time to catch their attention Yana! School senior with a great way to express yourself include your full name, your address, your address your. Page long, action words & power words in a resume for a high school Classroom Challenges and....